Tell Me About Understanding Other Cultures

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we see, from their comparison that synergetic inevitability cannot be something like the natural need bringing the person for a framework of an ethical problem. The understanding of inevitability as natural need or determinancy is a consequence of the wrong understanding of space of bifurcation as spaces of the casual facts, whereas actually this space of virtual events. However, apparently, inevitability really excludes or, in any case, strongly changes the concept of moral responsibility specific to deterministic ethics.

Naturally scientific concept of a determinism is most accurately expressed by functional ratios between variables, but from a functional ratio does not follow existence prichinno to investigative communication.

As it is already told, the determined trajectories of all bodies in the Universe are drawn in the field of casual, but not the simply logically possible. We drew also an analogy between possible and necessary, on the one hand, both casual and determined, on the other hand. Really, just as need limits possible, determinancy limits the casual. However this analogy is not full as all necessary at the same time is possible (just as is possible and everything is valid, and determined is not casual any more. Determination somewhat crosses out casual at all, without leaving to a case not of uniform chance. Therefore Laplace also says that accident always is only a consequence of our ignorance and, we will add, (inevitable) consequence of approximateness of measurements. If as Laplace speaks, the trajectory of each atom of the world is also determined as well as trajectories of celestial bodies, it means that it is possible to think an alternative trajectory of some body only all entirely. That is on condition of determinancy of a trajectory "bifurcation" at which the body passed to OA trajectory site is impossible, and could pass to OV site instead. In other words, on condition of determinancy of trajectories, we, strictly speaking, cannot think of OA and OB as possible trajectories of the same body.

The Newtonian concept of the Universe consisting of firm indestructible particles each of which affects others with quite certain, calculated force, was the basis for a consecutive determinism by the French astronomer and the mathematician Laplace. It possesses the description of essence of a determinism which became classical:

This conclusion was so categorical, what even materialists tried to moderate its sharpness. Some of them claimed that only actions of the person, but not his thought are determined. Others tried to find new interpretation of freedom, trying to keep at least some similarity it. Voltaire sarcastically noticed in this regard: "To be free means to have opportunity to do anything, but not to want anything".

Logical need demands that the necessary was randomly chosen. The Determinirovanost demands that the necessary happened, that is incidentally occurred. If logical need is thus connected with human ability of a reasonable choice, determinancy is connected with spontaneity of the person and the world.

The determinism - the methodological principle according to which of the fact that in the world everything is interconnected and it is prichinno caused, follows possibility of knowledge and a prediction of the events having both unambiguously certain, and probabilistic nature. A mechanical determinism - unambiguous causal conditionality - an absolute strict prediction. Indeterminizm - a methodological position in which it is denied both objectivity of causal relationships, and value of causal explanations in science. G. Rikkert: "Causal explains really only within sciences about the nature and it is inapplicable to sciences about spirit, i.e. to social sciences".

From the scientific point of view the statement "the event And defines an event In" means that if the event is set And, it is possible to calculate an event of Century. Thus application of a determinism in the exact sciences can be characterized as follows: if the condition of some set of objects in any timepoint is set, the condition of objects of the same set in the future can be defined at any moment by calculations.